Einstein is the embodiment of the scientific genius, and sure enough, was a physicist. His main achievements are of course the special and general theory of relativity but he is also (or should be) famous for:
The CPAE (Collected Papers of Albert Einstein) attempts to make this list exhaustive. I have the following entries in my BibTeX file (meaning I have studied and probably cited these texts):
Also of note:
- Mein Weltbild (The most famous translation being "The World as I see it", but better still, its extended version by his first biographer [Seelig]: "Ideas and Opinions").